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Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is a popular evergreen tree species known for its hardiness, versatility, and aesthetic appeal. In the Aurora and Greater Toronto Area, the use of Eastern Red Cedar in landscape design is gaining momentum due to its numerous advantages. In this article, we will discuss the benefits of using this tree in landscaping and provide a guide on how to water and maintain it.

Advantages of Using Eastern Red Cedar in Landscape Design

  1. Drought Tolerance: Eastern Red Cedar is well-suited to the dry climate of Aurora and the Greater Toronto Area. It is highly drought tolerant, which means it can withstand long periods of dry weather without needing extra watering.

  2. Attractive Appearance: This species of cedar has a unique, elegant appearance with its deep green, needle-like foliage and reddish-brown bark. It adds a touch of sophistication to any landscape.

  3. Wind Protection: Eastern Red Cedar is a great option for landscapes that are exposed to high winds. It can provide a natural windbreak, protecting other plants and structures in the area.

  4. Wildlife Habitat: The tree’s dense foliage provides excellent shelter for a variety of wildlife, such as birds and small mammals. It can also serve as a food source for many bird species.

  5. Low Maintenance: Once established, Eastern Red Cedar requires little maintenance. It doesn't need to be pruned or shaped, and it is resistant to most diseases and pests.


Watering Eastern Red Cedar

Proper watering is crucial to ensure the health and longevity of Eastern Red Cedar. It is important to water the tree deeply and infrequently rather than shallow and often. This encourages the tree to develop a deep root system that can access water from deeper soil layers.

The frequency of watering depends on the age and size of the tree, as well as the soil type and weather conditions. Generally, young trees need more frequent watering, while mature trees can go longer periods without water.

When watering, make sure the soil is thoroughly saturated to a depth of at least 6 inches. Watering should be done in the morning to reduce water loss through evaporation and to allow foliage to dry before nighttime, preventing the growth of fungus and other diseases.

Maintenance Protocol for Eastern Red Cedar

To keep Eastern Red Cedar healthy and attractive, it is essential to follow a regular maintenance protocol. Here are some guidelines to follow:

  1. Pruning: Eastern Red Cedar doesn't need regular pruning, but you should remove any dead or damaged branches as soon as you notice them. This prevents the spread of diseases and encourages healthy growth.

  2. Fertilizing: Eastern Red Cedar doesn't require frequent fertilizing, but you can use a slow-release fertilizer once or twice a year to provide necessary nutrients.

  3. Mulching: Mulch around the base of the tree with organic materials, such as wood chips or shredded bark. This helps retain moisture, suppress weed growth, and provide insulation from temperature fluctuations.

  4. Pest and Disease Control: Eastern Red Cedar is resistant to most pests and diseases, but it is still important to keep an eye out for any signs of problems. Regular inspections can help you catch any issues early on and take appropriate measures.


In conclusion, Eastern Red Cedar is an excellent choice for landscapes in Aurora and the Greater Toronto Area due to its numerous advantages, such as drought tolerance, attractive appearance, wind protection, wildlife habitat, and low maintenance. By following proper watering and maintenance protocols, you can ensure that your Eastern Red Cedar stays healthy and beautiful for years to come.





Curb Appeal and Outdoor Space Specialists

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